Organic farming is a method that mainly relies on various methods such as rotation of crops, compost, green manure, and pest control procedures. The organic farm consists of several pesticides and fertilizers. However, there are certain exceptions. The fertilizers such as synthetic fertilizers, pesticides consisting of harmful hormones, food additives, livestock antibiotics, and nanomaterials cannot be used in organic farming.
Agricultural techniques including organic farming are used and lawfully endorsed by many nations. The combination of modern technology and scientific knowledge coupled with traditional farming methods constitute organic farming. You can know about these techniques by studying a subject called Agroecology.
Conventional farming methods
Conventional farming involves the use of synthetic pesticides and other water-soluble pesticides. However, organic farming involves the use of fertilizers and pesticides that are produced naturally. The major methods used in organic farming include the technique of crop rotation, compost and green manures, pest control techniques, and cultivation by mechanical means.
These measures are scientifically incorporated to increase production in agriculture. The legumes are planted in the soil to fix the nitrogen, and thereby the pests are encouraged. Then the crops are rotated to renew the soil and confuse the pests.
Organic farming ways
A lot of natural materials are used such as potassium bicarbonate, and the mulches stay away from the weeds. The plants capable of enduring hardships are thus emerging with plant breeding techniques, unlike genetic engineering. These measures are taken to ensure naturalness while ensuring the productivity of the soil.
Organic farming techniques differ much from genetic farming because the latter use harmful pesticides. Whereas the former uses completely natural techniques and regains the productivity of the soil. Moreover, it uses several old techniques from conventional agriculture to give it the maximum momentum.
New methods in farming
Other than organic farming, several other systems such as the management of integrated pests also use typical organic farming techniques for pest control. Synthetic pesticides are the last option for all scientific, and contemporary farmers. Organic farming relies a lot on the normal breakdown of organic matter by using small techniques of composting, and green manure. This biological process is also very much helpful.
This is especially done by the use of microorganisms like mycorrhiza. It allows a natural increase in the fertility of the soil. Organic farming reduces the greenhouse effect, and thus it is beneficial from all fronts.
Inference Organic Farming
Plants need phosphorous, nitrogen, and potassium for facilitating exceptional growth. The synchronization is maximized with the presence of nitrogen. The crop rotation and green manure techniques exceptionally help the plants for releasing nitrogen into the atmosphere. The crop residues can go back into the soil once more, and there are several plants that give out various amounts of nitrogen. With all these methods, soil erosion can be minimized, and the growth of crops can be maximized.
The components like potassium sulfate and magnesium nitrate are allowed as fertilizers in organic farming. Thus, the techniques of organic farming have indeed brought a radical change in the field of agriculture.